Octet No. | Contents |
---|---|

12-15 | reference value (R) (IEEE 32-bit floating-point value) |

16-17 | Binary scale factor (E) |

18-19 | Decimal scale factor (D) |

20 | Number of bits used for each
packed value for simple packing, or for each group reference value for
complex packing or spatial differencing |

21 | Type of original field values (see Code Table 5.1) |

22 |
Group splitting method used (see
Code Table 5.4) |

23 |
Missing value management used
(see Code Table 5.5) |

24-27 |
Primary missing value substitute |

28-31 | Secondary missing value
substitute |

32-35 | NG ― number of groups of data values into which field is split |

36 |
Reference for group widths (see Note 12) |

37 |
Number of bits used for the
group widths (after the reference value in octet 36 has been removed) |

38-41 |
Reference for group lengths (see Note 13) |

42 |
Length increment for the group lengths (see Note 14) |

43-46 |
True length of last group |

47 |
Number of bits used for the
scaled group lengths (after subtraction of the reference value given in
octets 38-41 and division by the length increment given in octet 42) |

48 |
Order of spatial difference (see
Code Table 5.6) |

49 |
Number of octets required in the data section to specify extra descriptors needed for spatial differencing (octets 6-ww in data template 7.3) |

Notes:(12) The group width is the number of bits used for every value in a group. (13) The group length (L) is the number of values in a group. (14) The essence of the complex packing method is to subdivide a field of values into NG groups, where the values in each group have similar sizes. In this procedure, it is necessary to retain enough information to recover the group lengths upon decoding. The NG group lengths for any given field can be described by Ln = ref + Kn x len_inc, n = 1, NG, where ref is given by octets 38-41 and len_inc by octet 42. The NG values of K (the scaled group lengths) are stored in the data section, each with the number of bits specified by octet 47. Since the last group is a special case which may not be able to be specified by this relationship, the length of the last group is stored in octets 43-46. (A) Spatial differencing is a pre-processing before group splitting at encoding time. It is intended to reduce the size of sufficiently smooth fields, when combined with a splitting scheme as described in data representation template 5.2. At order 1, an initial field of values f is replaced by a new field of values g, where g _{1} = f_{1,
}g_{2} = f_{2}, ..., g_{n} = f_{n} - f_{n-1.
}At order 2, the field of values g is itself replaced by a new field of values h, where h_{1}
= f_{1}, h_{2 }= f_{2} , h_{3}
= g_{3}- g_{2,} ..., _{ }h_{n
= } g_{n - }g_{n - }_{1.}
To keep values positive, the overall minimum of the resulting field (either g_{min} or h_{min}) is removed. At decoding time, after bit string unpacking, the original scaled values are recovered by adding the overall minimum and summing up recursively. (B) For differencing of order n, the first n values in the array that are not missing are set to zero in the packed array. These dummy values are not used in unpacking. (C) See data template 7.3 and associated notes for complementary information. |